On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states. The shooting occurred in an area of hotels, restaurants, businesses, and residential apartments only a few blocks away from Dealey Plaza. Portions of the city extend into neighboring Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.The gunman, later identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at p.m., killing five officers and injuring nine. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 385.8 square miles (999.3 km Dallas' skyline contains several buildings over 700 feet (210 m) in height. Good examples of postmodernist skyscrapers are Fountain Place, Bank of America Plaza, Renaissance Tower, JPMorgan Chase Tower, and Comerica Bank Tower.
Later, France also claimed the area but never established much settlement.
In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain, officially placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory.
Oak Cliff was a township founded in the mid-1800s and annexed in 1903 by the city of Dallas.
Today, most of the area's northern residents are Hispanic.
South Dallas, a distinct neighborhood southeast of Downtown, lays claim to the Cedars, an eclectic artist hotbed, and Fair Park, home of the annual State Fair of Texas, held in late September and through mid-October.
Southwest of Downtown lies Oak Cliff, a hilly area that has undergone gentrification in recent years, in neighborhoods such as the Bishop Arts District.
Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth, where a similar Drivers Club was based.
The rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing.
In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited downtown Dallas' Mexican Park in Little Mexico, the small park was located on the corner of Akard and Caruth Street, site of the current Fairmount Hotel. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas. Johnson told police during a standoff that he was upset about recent police shootings of black men and wanted to kill whites, especially white officers.
The upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. After hours of negotiation failed, police resorted to a robot-delivered bomb, killing Johnson inside El Centro College.
The bulk of the city is in Dallas County, of which it is the county seat; however, sections of the city are located in Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties.