If infants are neglected and not given these things consistently or if they are taken care of roughly and unpredictably, they will learn to question their caretakers and to believe that others will not always be there to support them when it's needed.
Learning to trust others is the first necessary step to learning how to have loving, supportive relationships with others and to have a positive self-image.
I was a latecomer to counselling, having previously considered therapy a largely American pursuit. By the time I reached that landmark age, without children and in a marriage that was beginning to lose its fairytale glow, my daily life was beginning to feel not unlike a soap opera.
And I did, pretty much, and I was perfectly fine - until suddenly I wasn't.
This will begin stunting a positive self-esteem as these small children start seeing themselves as “stupid.” The third stage, initiative versus guilt, spans ages three to six years.
When children develop initiative, they continue to develop their self-concept and gain a desire to try new things and to learn new things while being responsible for their actions to some extent.
Does any reader know why alternating blades makes each one last longer?
A golf ball has dimples on its surface to increase the efficiency of airflow over it and let it fly further.
Young children become autonomous when caregivers are supportive and give children the safe space to make their own decisions and to experiment with their bodies and problem-solving skills without shaming or ridiculing the child.
When children feel shame and doubt, they believe that they are not capable of making valid decisions and not capable of doing everyday tasks.
The second stage, autonomy versus shame and doubt, spans ages one to three years.