It is they who are believed to have constructed the stone circle near Hethpool which archaeologists recognise as a 'henge' monument perhaps with sacred connotations or more simply a 'gateway to the Cheviot'.Following on, in about 2000 BC came the Bronze Age peoples.
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Those in the valley bottom can be easily visited by car or involve just a gentle stroll.
However, the hillforts and the plane crash sites can only be visited on foot, some with quite steep climbs.
They constructed wooden round houses – some on hill tops – to live in and led a more settled life than their nomadic forebears.
They in turn were followed by the Iron Age settlers (800BC-AD79) who were the architects of the impressive hillfort settlements we see today though some may merely have rebuilt over Bronze Age foundations.
As peace and quiet slowly returned the 18th and 19th centuries witnessed the development of farming and shepherding, initially on small tenanted farms which gradually merged into bigger ones and ultimately into the College Valley Estate that is here today.
To help you appreciate this wonderful place we've devised a Valley History Trail which highlights the many places and things for you to see and enjoy.
Indeed, more recently during the Second World War it was often the combination of atrocious weather conditions coupled with less advanced navigation systems and simple inexperience that claimed the lives of several Allied airmen – and Germans too – whose planes crashed on the Cheviot and its surrounding hills.
After one crash in particular, the B17 Flying Fortress with a nine-man American crew aboard, came the now legendary story of rescue by local shepherds including John Dagg and his black and white collie, Sheila.
Looting, pillaging and violence were the order of the day in this poverty-stricken community.
With its close proximity to the Scottish border the College Valley was certainly not a comfortable place to be in those days.
That season ended with what was thought to be the show's Grand Finale, an episode whose end credits were played alongside footage of the cast and crew tearfully saying goodbye to each other.