Diagnosis involves use of the radiopharmaceutical to generate an image of the tumor or organ to identify problems that may be missed by x rays or physical examinations.
Treatment involves using radioactive compounds at carefully controlled doses to destroy tumors.
Further purification of radium from barium produced approximately 100 milligrams of radium from an initial sample of nearly 2,000 kilograms of uranium ore.
In 1911 Ernest Rutherford asked a student, George de Hevesy, to separate a lead impurity from a decay product of uranium, radium-D.
Nuclear chemists were involved in the chemical purification of plutonium obtained from uranium targets that had been irradiated in reactors.
They also developed chemical separation techniques to isolate radioactive isotopes for industrial and medical uses from the fission products wastes associated with plutonium production for weapons.
These nuclides are generally referred to as naturally occurring radioactivity and are derived from the radioactive decay of thorium and uranium.
Cosmogenic nuclides are atoms that are constantly being synthesized from the bombardment of planetary surfaces by cosmic particles (primarily protons ejected from the Sun), and are also considered natural in their origin.
Through tedious chemical separation procedures involving precipitation of different chemical fractions, Marie was able to show that a separated fraction that had the chemical properties of bismuth and another fraction that had the chemical properties of barium were much more radioactive per unit mass than the original uranium ore.
She had separated and discovered the elements polonium and radium, respectively.
She was fascinated by Antoine-Henri Becquerel's discovery that uranium minerals can emit rays that are able to expose photographic film, even if the mineral is wrapped in black paper.