The Igbo are the second largest group of people living in southern Nigeria.They are socially and culturally diverse, consisting of many subgroups.
At first the Europeans confined themselves to slave trade on the Niger Coast.
At this point, the main item of commerce provided by the Igbo was slaves, many of whom were sent to the New World.
Igboland is located in southeastern Nigeria, with a total land area of about 15,800 square miles (about 41,000 square kilometers). The low-lying deltas and riberbank areas are heavily inundated during the rainy season, and are very fertile. The Udi highlands are the only coal-mining area in West Africa.
It is difficult to obtain accurate census figures for either the Igbo or for Nigeria as a whole.
At this time the umbilical cord is buried at the foot of a tree selected by the child's mother. Onwubiko —"May death forgive"—expresses the fact that parents have lost many of their children and pray that this child may survive.
The name-giving ceremony is a formal occasion celebrated by feasting and drinking. The name may be based on anything from the child's birthmarks to the opinion of the diviner, or seer. The process of marrying a young Igbo woman is a long, elaborate one.
It explains what functions the heavenly and earthly bodies have and offers guidance on how to behave toward gods, spirits, and one's ancestors.
The Igbo believe the world is peopled by invisible and visible forces: by the living, the dead, and those yet to be born.
Although they live in scattered groups of villages, they all speak one language.