In 1615 the Convocation of the Church of Ireland adopted 104 articles known as the Irish Articles.
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Although these articles superficially resemble the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Church of England they are in fact a great deal more detailed and much less ambiguous on many matters; they also represent a more thoroughgoing and explicit Calvinism than the 39 Articles.
When the Irish Parliament adopted the 39 Articles in 1634 under pressure from the King and Archbishop Laud, Ussher ensured that the Church of Ireland in the Irish Convocation adopted them in addition to, not instead of, the Irish Articles.
The reformation commenced mainly in Dublin under the auspices of George Browne (Archbishop of Dublin) during Henry's reign.
When the Church of England was reformed under King Edward VI of England, so too was the Church of Ireland.
The lack of success prompted an alternative strategy of importing reformed clergy from England and Scotland.
Consequently, the church underwent a period of more radical Calvinist doctrine than occurred in England.
The Church of Ireland, as a Reformed and Protestant Church, doth hereby re-affirm its constant witness against all those innovations in doctrine and worship whereby the Primitive faith hath been from time to time defaced or overlaid, and which at the Reformation this Church did disown and reject. The church then became the established church of Ireland, assuming possession of most church property (and so retaining a great repository of religious architecture and other items, though some were later destroyed).
The church explains its possession of so many of the ancient church buildings of Ireland by reference to the precedent set by Emperor Constantine the Great in the 4th century: Since the days of the Emperor Constantine in the 4th century European states saw themselves as having a central role in the government of the Church.
In the past the Church of Ireland claimed that, that in breaking with Rome, the reformed established church was reverting to a condition that had obtained in the church in Ireland prior to the 12th century – the independent character of Celtic Christianity.