The earliest mass Chinese immigration to Mexico started in the 1870s, as efforts to entice Europeans to settle in the desert north failed.
One reason for this is that from the 1820s to the 1920s, Mexico was mired in political instability and civil war.
Another reason is that it did not have the vast areas of open land that attracted farmers to places like the United States and Argentina. investors came to dominate mining, oil and cash crop agriculture.
Chinese immigration to Mexico began during the colonial era and has continued to the present day.
However, the largest number of migrants to Mexico have arrived during two waves: the first spanning from the 1880s to the 1940s and another, reinvigorated wave of migrants arriving since the early 21st century.
Despite being the force behind the last major wave of immigration to Mexico, Porfirio Díaz himself became leery of foreign presence.
He nationalized the foreign-built railroads and signed the first restrictive immigration legislation in the last years before the Mexican Revolution.Despite the small numbers, those immigrants who did come had a profound effect on their host country economically. European and Chinese immigrants took over banking and wholesale commerce as well as pioneering the industrialization of Mexico.Most Europeans who came to Mexico in the 19th century were young bachelors whose aim was to make their fortune then return to their home country to marry and retire.Between 18, during the term of President Porfirio Díaz, the Mexican government was trying to modernize the country, especially in building railroads and developing the sparsely populated northern states.When the government could not attract enough European immigrants, it was decided to allow Chinese migrant workers into the country.It was then thought to bring Chinese from areas of that country with similar climates.