In a study that looked at 1,829 youths, from ten to 17 years of age, it was found that females, non-Hispanic whites, and younger juveniles were less likely to be tried in criminal court than males, African Americans, Hispanics, and older youths.
Competency can be defined as the ability to assist counsel and the ability to engage in proficient reasoning and judgment-making.
To assist counsel, a defendant must be able to understand trial procedures, understand the charges against him or her, understand his or her rights in court, and must be able to engage in beneficial communication with his or her counsel.
These critics state that the boundary between juvenile and adult is no longer as clear, as children appear to grow up faster, with more exposure to adult ideas, and as adults more often engage in juvenile behaviors and activities.
and they are not receiving all their rights as a trial defendant.
Within this sample of juveniles, 96% percent were male.
A majority of the juvenile defendants were African American (62%).
It has been found recently that the United States transfers roughly 13,000 juveniles to adult courts every year, with approximately 36% of those transfers involving youth who committed violent offenses.
Twenty-three states have no minimum age in at least one judicial waiver or statutory exclusion provision allowing for the transfer of juveniles to adult court.
a greater number of juveniles were transferred from juvenile court to criminal court for their crimes.