Medical professionals were ordered to ignore ethical standards during involvement in abusive interrogation, including monitoring of vital signs under stress-inducing procedures.
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), which is on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.
Since the inmates have been detained indefinitely without trial and several inmates were allegedly severely tortured, the operations of this camp are considered to be a major breach of human rights by Amnesty International. Bush's administration in 2002 during the War on Terror.
In July 2005, 242 detainees were moved out of Guantanamo, including 173 who were released without charge. Most of the men were released without charges or transferred to facilities in their home countries. As of June 2013, 46 detainees (in addition to two who were deceased) were designated to be detained indefinitely, because the government said the prisoners were too dangerous to transfer and there was insufficient admissible evidence to try them.
Sixty-nine prisoners were transferred to the custody of governments of other countries, according to the U. In September 2006, President Bush announced that fourteen "high-value detainees" were to be transferred to military custody of the Guantánamo Bay detention camp from civilian custody by the CIA.
It is used to house high-security detainees formerly held by the CIA.
In January 2010, Scott Horton published an article in Harper's Magazine describing "Camp No", a black site about a mile outside the main camp perimeter, which included an interrogation center.
His successor, President Barack Obama, promised that he would close it, but met strong bipartisan opposition, with Congress passing laws to prohibit detainees from Guantanamo being imprisoned in the U. During Obama's administration, the number of inmates was reduced from about 245 At the time of its establishment in January 2002, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld said the prison camp was established to detain extraordinarily dangerous people, to interrogate detainees in an optimal setting, and to prosecute detainees for war crimes. Office of Legal Counsel, Department of Justice advised the Bush administration that the Guantanamo Bay detention camp could be considered outside U. legal jurisdiction, military guards took the first twenty detainees to Guantanamo on 11 January 2002. Supreme Court decisions since 2004 have determined otherwise and that the courts have jurisdiction: it ruled in Hamdan v.
The Department of Defense at first kept secret the identity of the individuals held in Guantanamo, but, after losing attempts to defy a Freedom of Information Act request from the Associated Press, the U. military officially acknowledged holding 779 prisoners in the camp. The Bush administration asserted that detainees were not entitled to any of the protections of the Geneva Conventions. Rumsfeld on 29 June 2006, that detainees were entitled to the minimal protections listed under Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions. Crawford, appointed by Bush to review Do D practices used at Guantanamo Bay and oversee the military trials, became the first Bush administration official to concede that torture occurred at Guantanamo Bay on one detainee.
GTMO needs to serve as an [redacted] not a prison for Afghanistan." The Center for Policy and Research's 2006 report, based on Do D released data, found that most detainees were low-level offenders who were not affiliated with organizations on U. Do D reported three men, two Saudis and a Yemeni, had committed suicide on 10 June 2006.
Government accounts, including an NCIS report released with redactions in August 2008, have been questioned by the press, the detainees' families, the Saudi government, former detainees, and human rights groups.
Overall, 50 nationalities were present at Guantanamo.