Member states communicated their frustration over the years that Iraq was impeding the work of the special commission and failing to take seriously its disarmament obligations.
This article is about the war that started in 2003 and ended in 2011.
For the initial invasion, see 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Saddam accepted the resolution on 13 November and inspectors returned to Iraq under the direction of UNMOVIC chairman Hans Blix and IAEA Director General Mohamed El Baradei.
As of February 2003, the IAEA "found no evidence or plausible indication of the revival of a nuclear weapons program in Iraq"; the IAEA concluded that certain items which could have been used in nuclear enrichment centrifuges, such as aluminum tubes, were in fact intended for other uses.
The Republican Party's campaign platform in the 2000 election called for "full implementation" of the Iraq Liberation Act as "a starting point" in a plan to "remove" Saddam.
After 9/11, the Bush Administration national security team actively debated an invasion of Iraq.
Not only Osama bin Laden." Rumsfeld met with General Tommy Franks, the commander of U. Central Command, on 27 November to go over the plans. allies in NATO, such as the United Kingdom, agreed with the US actions, while France and Germany were critical of plans to invade Iraq, arguing instead for continued diplomacy and weapons inspections.
A record of the meeting includes the question "How start? After considerable debate, the UN Security Council adopted a compromise resolution, UN Security Council Resolution 1441, which authorized the resumption of weapons inspections and promised "serious consequences" for non-compliance.
The Iraq War caused over a hundred thousand civilian deaths and tens of thousands of military deaths (see estimates below).
The majority of deaths occurred as a result of the insurgency and civil conflicts between 20.
and in 1991 a military coalition led by the United States launched the Gulf War to expel Iraq from Kuwait.