In the West, moose populations extend well north into Canada (British Columbia and Alberta), and more isolated groups have been verified as far south as the mountains of Utah and Colorado and as far west as the Lake Wenatchee area of the Washington Cascades.Moose have extended their range southwards in the western Rocky Mountains, with initial sightings in Yellowstone National Park in 1868, and then to the northern slope of the Uinta Mountains in Utah in the first half of the twentieth century.
In the early days of American colonization, the wapiti was often called a grey moose and the moose was often called a black moose, but early accounts of the animals varied wildly, adding to the confusion.
The wapiti is superficially very similar to the red deer of central and western Europe, although it is distinctly different behaviorally and genetically.
Moose typically inhabit boreal forests and temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of the Northern Hemisphere in temperate to subarctic climates.
Hunting and other human activities have caused a reduction in the size of the moose's range over time.
After expanding for most of the 20th century, the moose population of North America has been in steep decline since the 1990s.
Populations expanded greatly with improved habitat and protection, but for unknown reasons, the moose population is declining rapidly.In 1978, a few breeding pairs were reintroduced in western Colorado, and the state's moose population is now more than 1,000.In northeastern North America, the Eastern moose's history is very well documented: moose meat was often a staple in the diet of Native Americans going back centuries, and it is a tribe that occupied present day coastal Rhode Island that gave this deer its distinctive name in American English.Their mating season in the autumn features energetic fights between males competing for a female. The word "elk" in North American English refers to a completely different species of deer, the Cervus canadensis, also called the wapiti.A mature male moose is called a bull, a mature female a cow, and an immature moose of either sex a calf.The black moose is (by all that have hitherto writ of it) accounted a very large creature....