It was from this outpost that he initiated the conquest of the Kazan Khanate.The Assumption Monastery illustrates in its location and architectural composition the political and missionary programme developed by Tsar Ivan IV to extend the Moscow state.
The town was sited at the crossroads of trade routes for caravans travelling between southern Palestine, Sinai, Eastern Jordan and the north of the Arabian Peninsula.
Although the subsequent Ottoman Period (1517-1917) heralded an extension of the town to the surrounding areas and brought numerous architectural additions, particularly the raising of the roof level of houses to provide more upper stories, the overall Mamluk morphology of the town is seen to have persisted with its hierarchy of areas, quarters based on ethnic, religious or professional groupings, and houses with groups of rooms organized according to a tree-shaped system.
Russian Federation Criteria: (ii)(iv) The Assumption Cathedral is located in the town-island of Sviyazhsk and is part of the monastery of the same name.
Situated at the confluence of the Volga, the Sviyaga and the Shchuka rivers, at the crossroads of the Silk and Volga routes, Sviyazhsk was founded by Ivan the Terrible in 1551.
Among them are carved figurines of animals (including cave lions, mammoths, horses and bovids), musical instruments and items of personal adornment.
Other figurines depict creatures that are half animal, half human and there is one statuette of a woman.
These archaeological sites feature some of the oldest figurative art worldwide and help shed light on the origins of human artistic development.
Palestine Criteria: (ii)(iv)(vi) The use of a local limestone shaped the construction of the old town of Hebron/Al-Khalil during the Mamluk period between 12.
India Criteria: (ii)(v) The walled city of Ahmadabad, founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in the 15th century, on the eastern bank of the Sabarmati river, presents a rich architectural heritage from the sultanate period, notably the Bhadra citadel, the walls and gates of the Fort city and numerous mosques and tombs as well as important Hindu and Jain temples of later periods.
The urban fabric is made up of densely-packed traditional houses () with characteristic features such as bird feeders, public wells and religious institutions.
The centre of interest of the town was the site of Al-Ibrahimi Mosque/The tomb of the Patriarchs whose buildings are in a compound built in the 1st century AD to protect the tombs of the patriarch Abraham/Ibrahim and his family.